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  Information - NH8.04 Human-Induced Geohazards: Observations, Analyses, Predictions and Recommendations

Event Information
The human society causes enduring effects on the geological environment. The influences were minor or negligible when the technical possibilities of the society were limited, but substantially increased with the technical advances of our civilization. The human-induced effects on the geological environment can be both positive and negative. The human-induced activities in the geoenvironment causing potentially negative or hazardous effects will be predominantly discussed. Human-induced geoprocesses causing hazardous effects in the geoenvironment are various. Even though, they can be affecting directly only one geosphere (atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere) or they might be influencing other geospheres as well. In the biggest part of cases the hazardous effects cannot be isolated to one geosphere. In the lithosphere, human-induced geohazards are affecting seismic manifestations, slope processes, land subsidence, karst development, rock weathering, soil erosion, etc. Human-induced geoprocesses are also influencing the water cycle, surface and subsurface water flow, infiltration, aquifer recharges, etc. The geohazards could be especially complicated to analyze when there is a combination of natural and human-induced effects. The human-induced geohazards are created in both peacetime and wartime periods. Current large-scale human-induced activities in the geoenvironment require detailed scientific studies. The topics of the presented papers should be related but not limited to advanced techniques for observation and investigation of geohazards, methodologies for data analyses and interpretations, as well as predictions and recommendations related to human-induced geohazards. Applying our scientific capabilities, we should contribute for the mitigation of the human-induced geohazards, and the impact related to the legislation.

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