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  Information - SSS21 Soil conservation strategies in orchards

Event Information
Perennial crops are among the most economically valuable crops. They are often grown in areas with a long tradition of farming the same fruit, e.g. olives, vines, and citrus. In many agricultural areas, orchards are located on land less suited to agricultural production given their relatively better adaptation, compared to annual crops, to more marginal conditions of slope and soils. Improper planting and management, coupled with environmental conditions, has led in many areas of the world, among them Mediterranean Europe, to severe soil erosion and degradation problems.

There are a large number of studies, especially in the last decades, aimed at adapting or modifying soil management in orchards to preserve soil and its properties, or to restore severely degraded soils. Despite this effort, interaction among researchers and technicians working on different crops or geographical areas is limited, and most of the detailed information and experience associated with this research does not circulate efficiently. Soil conservation in orchards is not a solved issue and, despite significant advances in some regions, many open questions require coordinated efforts to be answered.

This session intends to serve as a place for the participants to present the state of the art in different crops and regions, identify key problems, discuss the possibilities (and limitations) of approaches taken by different groups, and to provide personal contacts that could advance solutions of severe orchard erosion through future collaborations.

Preliminary List of Solicited Speakers
Dr. Anthony (Toby) O’Geen, University of California, Davis
Dr. Gottlieb Basch, University of Evora, Portugal
Dr. Yves Le Bissonais, UMR LISAH-INRA, Montpellier, France
Dr. Artemi Cerdá, School of Geography, University of Valencia, Spain
Dr. Luca Montanarella, European Commision, JRC, Ispra, Italy
Dr. José Benites, FAO Land and water development division, Rome
Dr Mohamed Braham, Lab. Ecophysiologie, Institut de L’Olivier de Sousse, Tunisia
Dr. NL Hartwig, Penn State Univ, Dept Crop & Soil Sci, USA
Dr. Fidalski J., Inst Agr Parana, Area Solos, BR-87701970 Paranavai, PR Brazil
Dr. Pastor J., CSIC, Ctr Ciencias Medioambientales, E-28006 Madrid, Spain
Dr. Hipps NA, Hort Res Int, E Malling ME19 6BJ, Kent England
DR. Zuazo VHD, Ctr Invest & Formac Agr Granada, Apdo 2027, Granada 18080, Spain
Dr. Ordońez-Fernandez R., Edificio CIFA 1, CIFA Alameda Obispo, Avda Menendez Pidal S-N, Cordoba 14004, Spain
Dr. Sierra J., Univ Barcelona, Fac Farm, Lab Edafol, Av Joan XXIII S-N, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain
DR. Koulouri M., Univ Aegean, Dept Environm Studies, Univ Hill, Lesvos 81100, Greece
Dr. Benitez E., CSIC, Dept Agroecol & Protecc Vegetal, Estac Expt Zaidin, Granada 18008, Spain
DR. Xiloyannis C., Univ Basilicata, Dipartimento Sci Sistemi Colturali Forestali Ambi, I-85100 Potenza, Italy
Dr. Mollenhauer K., Univ Giessen, Inst Landeskultur, D-35390 Giessen, Germany
DR. Arnaez J., Univ La Rioja, Area Geog Fis, DCHS, La Rioja, Spain
Dr. Ramos, M.C., Univ Lleida, Dept Environm & Soil Sci, E-25198 Lleida, Spain
Dr. Dousset S., Univ Bourgogne, Ctr Sci Terre, UMR GeoSol Microbiol Sols A111, F-21000 Dijon, France
Dr. Klik A., Agr Univ Vienna, Dept Hydraul & Rural Water Management, A-1190 Vienna, Austria
Dr. Elena de Luna, Edificio CIFA 1, CIFA Alameda Obispo, Avda Menendez Pidal S-N, Cordoba 14004, Spain
Dr. A. Brügggeman, ICRISAT, Aleppo, Syria
DR. Castro J, Ctr Invest & Formac Agr Granada, Apdo 2027, Granada 18080, Spain.
Dr. Xua MX Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Soil & Water Conservat, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi Peoples R China


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